A LITTLE ABOUT TORAJA (Part 1)
Indonesia is a rich country. Nobody can deny that fact. Bali island is one of the most famous city in Indonesia. Many tourist from different countries come to visit this island. They even invest and build some businesses in Bali island. But, not only Bali, Indonesia also has an interesting province that still not many tourists know about. It is South Sulawesi. Makassar is its capital city. And, have you ever heard about TATOR? Tator stands for TANA TORAJA. TORAJA is taken from Toriaja. To means people, Riaja means high land. So Toraja means people who live on high land. Makale is the center of the city but Rantepao is the busiest city in Toraja. Toraja is very unique and rich in cultural traditions that are famous to foreign countries. Toraja has maintained their beliefs and traditions in the cycle of eternal life and death on Earth through various traditional ceremonies and rituals. There are many kinds of ceremony that always attract people, such as Rambu Tuka and Rambu Solo.
Rambu Tuka is a thanksgiving ceremony such as marriage, gratitude for the harvest, or the inauguration of the Tongkonan house. In this event, all family groups will gather and at the same time become a place to strengthen relations between families. For the implementation time, Rambu Tuka ceremony is conducted in the morning or before noon and takes place east of Tongkonan. At each of these thanksgiving events, will be accompanied by typical Tana Toraja dances such as Pa ‘Gellu, Pa’ Bonabella, Gellu Tungga’, Ondo Samalele, Pa’ Dao Bulan, Pa’ Burake, Memanna, Maluya, Pa’ Tirra’, Panimbong and many more. There will also be traditional music such as Pa’ Pompang, Pa’ Barrung and Pa ‘Pelle. The types of dances and music that are displayed are only for Rambu Tuka’s event.
Rambu Solo is the most important traditional ceremony for the people of Toraja. Every year, in July or August, the funeral ceremony is often held and attracts many tourists from various regions in the world. What makes Rambu Solo so unique compared to other funeral ceremonies is the high cost of implementation. A nobleman in Tana Toraja can even spend billions of rupiah from the preparations to the peak of the very lively event. For the people of Tana Toraja, a person who has died will not get perfection if he is not yet buried in Rambu Solo way. The inseparable component of the Rambu Solo ceremony is the presence of buffalo animals. For the people of Tana Toraja, the buffalo that is sacrificed will take the spirit quickly to its eternity in Puya. The more buffaloes are sacrificed, the faster a spirit will be escorted to the puya. A person from a middle class family usually sacrifices up to 10 buffaloes while a wealthy family or a noble family can sacrifice up to hundreds of it.
The funeral ceremony in Toraja is held for days by holding a large festive event and can cost billions of rupiah. Toraja is identical with unique culture, history of ancestors, traditional houses, traditional ceremonies, mystical, graves, coffins & preserved corpses.